Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria, the administrative center of the Plovdiv region. It is located in the Upper Thracian plain, on both banks of the Maritsa River. The population of the city is about 350 thousand people. The climate is transitional continental, with mild winters and hot summers. The average January temperature is +1°C, and the average July temperature is +24°C.
The city is one of the most preferred tourist destinations in the country and the cultural and economic center of Southern Bulgaria. There is a wide variety of accommodation here – from luxury hotels to hostels. The main street of Plovdiv offers excellent opportunities for entertainment and shopping, and restaurants in the city are many and everywhere.
In addition to cultural attractions, the city also has very good conditions for sports and entertainment. You can walk along the shady paths of Tsar Simeon Park and cool off in front of the Singing Phonats. At the edge of Plovdiv, a rowing channel of Olympic size has been built, which offers very good conditions for rowing, running and cycling.
In the past, Plovdiv boasted seven hills - the tepetata. Today, only six of them remain - Markovo Tepe has been turned into cobblestones for paving the streets. If you decide to count the hills, remember that the Old Town hill consists of three.
Jendem tepe or Mladezhki hill is the highest – it has been declared a protected area because of its endemic plants and preserved nature. It is also home to many animal species such as squirrels, jays and wild rabbits. A monument in honor of the Soviet Army - "Alyosha" - was built on Bunardjika hill. Sahat Tepe - the hill with the clock tower, has been turned into a park - a favorite place for couples in love and groups of young people with guitars. At its top rises a clock tower from the 16th century. The other three hills are the Old Town Heights. All the hills are well-maintained parks with paths and benches.
The modern city is built around seven hills - the Plovdiv hills, which are an integral part of the city's history.
Plovdiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe - its beginning dates back to 4000 years BC. In the beginning, the ancient settlement was located on the natural elevation between Nebet, Taksim and Jambaz Tepe (Three Hills).
In antiquity, the Thracians inhabited Trikholmieto and built a fortified settlement - the largest city in Thrace. In the IV century BC Plovdiv was conquered by Philip the Great. He gave one of the many names to the city - Philippopolis, and surrounded it with thick fortress walls. Later, the Thracians regained power, but after a series of battles in the 1st century, it fell within the borders of the Roman Empire.
During the Roman Empire, Plovdiv (then Trimontium) was an important regional center. The city was booming and there was a large-scale construction of both buildings and facilities as well as roads. From that time, many well-preserved findings remain - paved streets, fortress walls, buildings, water supply system and sewerage.
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